Diabetes is a condition where excess glucose levels are present in the blood stream. In general, the glucose in the body comes from the food intake, in specific from the carbohydrates in the food. So the body has a regulation mechanism where it monitors the glucose levels in the blood constantly and regulates the conversion of glucose once it had reached its optimum level in the blood.
The monitoring job is basically done by pancreas wherein it releases a hormone called insulin that has two prime functions in the body, one of which is to transport the glucose to the muscle cells and fat tissues and the other job is to halt the release of glucose by signaling the liver. So in patients diagnosed with diabetes the body does not produce enough insulin to keep the blood sugar levels at bay which leads to too much glucose in the blood stream. This is the reason why diabetes patients are always warned about the quantity and the quality of the food they consume. Moreover for diabetic people who are also associated with insomnia, most kind of sleeping pill is considered a taboo so they should be careful in choosing sleeping aids.
Early signs of diabetes
Many people put their health on the back seat until real obvious and more aggressive symptoms surface. However if given due attention not just diabetes, but any diseases can be detected at its early stages. This helps in quick recovery. Given below are the various early signs by which diabetes can be detected.
Weight loss – Monitor to see if you are suffering from sudden weight loss even though the food intake has been the same. Insulin deficiency was also proven to cause weight loss in many patients in spite of increasing their hunger levels. Hence, people who are suffering some diabetes and are overweight should be extra careful when taking weight loss therapy for diabetes. They should do so only after consultation from a health care professional
Fatigue and blurred vision – Elevated glucose levels can lead to fluctuations in the vision, in the sense that it causes blurred vision. Moreover, extremely high levels causes fatigue and can even trigger coma in some people.
Irregular body function – If the insulin is unable to perform its natural function, this in turn effects the way the carbohydrate, protein and fat is stored in the body. This leads to various adversities in terms of energy levels and metabolic rate of a person.
Frequent urination – More than required levels of glucose in the blood prompt frequent urination, with the urine also containing glucose. This frequent urination causes dehydration thereby probing an individual to have increased thirst. Depletion of water in the body also results in less moisture for other body parts. Hence the mouth and skin can become dry.
Headaches – The dehydration and fatigue in the body also adds to more frequent and severe headaches.
Slow healing process – If you have suffered an injury such as a cut or a wound, the healing process will be slower when a person is suffering from diabetes. The high level of glucose in the body impedes the function of immune system.
Yeast infections – As yeast feeds on glucose, elevated glucose levels can promote the yeast infections and diabetic patients can get these infections in the moist areas in the body like under the arms or breasts, between fingers or toes etc. Moreover, as the glucose is excreted through urine, the urinary tract becomes a breeding ground for the infections to thrive leading to urinary tract infections.
Hence if you notice any of the aforesaid symptoms contact your health care professional to see if you are suffering from diabetes.